Dirección General de Justicia y Consumidores
Consumer Markets Scoreboard (Consumer Market Monitoring Survey)
The Market Monitoring Survey (MMS) tracks the functioning of 52 consumer markets using indicators such as comparability of offers, trust in retailers, consumer problems, complaints,...
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Consumer Conditions Scoreboard (Surveys of consumers and retailers)
The survey tracks the perceptions and experiences of European consumers in a range of areas related to cross-border trade, e-commerce and consumer protection including: Domestic...
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Eurobarometer 2012 on perceptions of discrimination in the EU
The survey looks into attitudes and perceptions of Europeans towards discrimination, based on different grounds (gender, ethnic origin, religion or beliefs, age, disability, sexual...
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Consejo de Europa
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Rapex (Rapid Alert System – Non-Food)
European legislation ensures a consistent, high level of protection for the health and safety of consumers. Products placed on the market in the internal market are subject to general...
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EU Member States legal systems and law - overview
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European Court Database (CDB) Application Programming Interface (API)
The European Court Database (CDB) system is publicly available since November 2015. It provides an easy way for users to determine the correct (i.e., competent) court for a number of...
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Information on legal rules concerning maintenance claims
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Information on Member States Law
Each Member State of the European Union (EU) has its own law and legal system. Member State (MS) law can comprise both law at the national level (or national law, which is valid anywhere...
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European Case Law Identifier (ECLI)
The European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) has been developed to facilitate the correct and unequivocal citation of judgments from European and national courts. A set of uniform metadata...
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Cross-border family mediation
Mediation can be particularly helpful in cross-border family disputes and parental child abduction cases. The term ‘family matters’ covers a broad range of disputes, from purely private...
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Mediation in Member States
Mediation is at varying stages of development in Member States. There are some Member States with comprehensive legislation or procedural rules on mediation. In others, legislative bodies...
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Procedural time limits – general information
When you are involved in a civil dispute and think you may have to litigate, you must be aware that there is certain deadline for taking action. All modern legal systems including those...
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Judicial systems in Member States
The Member State judicial systems are very diverse, reflecting differences in national judicial traditions. Below you will find general information on judicial systems in Member States –...
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Information on judicial systems in Member States – ordinary courts
Ordinary courts are the core of the judicial systems in the Member States. They deal with a major part of judicial proceedings. Their scope of jurisdiction varies considerably. You can...
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Rights of defendants in criminal proceedings
If you are suspected or accused of a criminal offence, these factsheets take you through the criminal process and the various steps involved. They explain your rights and obligations at...
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Judicial systems in Member States – Specialised courts
In several Member States there are specialised courts, which deal with specific matters. Often such courts deal with disputes concerning administrative issues or in some cases with...
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Statutory interests in the Member States
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Procedures for enforcing a judgment
When a Court is involved in solving a dispute, there are two steps that must be ensured at the end of the process. First, the Court must hand down a judgment and then the judgment needs...
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The order for payment procedures at EU and Member States' level
The European Payment Order is a simplified procedure for cross-border monetary claims which are uncontested by the defendant, based on standard forms. Standard forms have been drawn up...
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