An overview of EU energy-related statistics
The price and quantity of energy in the EU depends on many supply and demand factors, including geopolitics. With the Russian invasion of Ukraine driving oil and gas prices to higher levels, energy has become, for both governments and citizens, an even greater topic of concern to be closely monitored. At the same time, however, the speed with which energy prices currently change can make this monitoring quite challenging.
To keep track of the dynamic price changes for energy and remain informed about present and future energy trends, several EU energy statistics tools can be used.
Firstly, Eurostat´s Energy overview provides easy access to data on energy statistics, legislation, and publications, as well as tools to visualise this data. For instance:
- Energy balances in one Member State can be discovered and compared with others through interactive tables and flow diagrams customisable by fuel and level of detail;
- Energy prices can be visualised through a bar chart that can be tailored by country, type of fuel, customer, consumption level and measuring unit;
- The world of energy trade can be explored through an immersive map of trade partners and trade flows per country and across countries;
- Energy trends can be easily spotted using an interactive tool on monthly energy data as well as through the dashboard on energy statistics and indicators.
In addition to these visualisation tools, accurate information on energy statistics can be gathered through “Energy statistics made easy”. It is an interactive publication by Eurostat with straightforward texts, visualisations and videos on several topics, such as European energy policies, energy sources and flows, energy consumption, and environmental concerns (e.g. greenhouse gases emissions).
Finally, the energy scenarios of the Joint Research Centre can be extremely useful to gain insights into the current energy production in the EU and into further energy options for a more sustainable future. In fact, this interactive tool allows to compare today´s energy use with either historical energy use (2005) or future years (2030/2050) taken from the European Commission’s scenarios. The statistics are further broken down in energy use for electricity, industry, buildings, and transports.