This dataset series refers to the Fire Database, containing the forest fire information compiled by countries in Europe, Middle East and North Africa, in the context of the development of the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS). ▷_How to cite: see below_◁
The Regulation EEC No 804/94 (now expired) established a Community system of information on forest fires for which a systematic collection of a minimum set of data on each fire occurring, the so called “Common Core”, had to be carried out by the Member States participating in the system. This regulation was replaced by the Forest Focus regulation in 2003.
Following the Forest Focus regulation (EC) No 2152/2003, concerning monitoring of forests and environment interactions in the Community, the forest fire common core data was continued to be recorded in order to collect comparable information on forest fires at Community level.
Since 2000 the forest fire data provided each year by individual EU Member States and other countries in Europe, Middle East and North Africa are checked, stored and managed by JRC within EFFIS. At present the database contains fire data from 22 countries: Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey.
Updated annual country totals supplied separately by the same authorities are available for download in EFFIS. Users can request custom annual or monthly summaries of burnt area or number of fires by country, NUTS2 or NUTS3 region, from the Point of contact.
How to cite - When using these data, please cite the relevant data sources. A suggested citation is included in the following:
Camia, A., Houston Durrant, T., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., 2014. The European Fire Database: technical specifications and data submission. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. IBSN:978-92-79-35929-3, https://doi.org/10.2788/2175
San-Miguel-Ayanz, J., Houston Durrant, T., Boca, R., Libertà, G., Branco, A., de Rigo, D., Ferrari, D., Maianti, P., Artés Vivancos, T., Schulte, E., Loffler, P., Benchikha, A., Abbas, M., Humer, F., Konstantinov, V., Pešut, I., Petkoviček, S., Papageorgiou, K., Toumasis, I., Kütt, V., Kõiv, K., Ruuska, R., Anastasov, T., Timovska, M., Michaut, P., Joannelle, P., Lachmann, M., Pavlidou, K., Debreceni, P., Nagy, D., Nugent, C., Di Fonzo, M., Leisavnieks, E., Jaunķiķis, Z., Mitri, G., Repšienė, S., Assali, F., Mharzi Alaoui, H., Botnen, D., Piwnicki, J., Szczygieł, R., Janeira, M., Borges, A., Sbirnea, R., Mara, S., Eritsov, A., Longauerová, V., Jakša, J., Enriquez, E., Lopez, A., Sandahl, L., Reinhard, M., Conedera, M., Pezzatti, B., Dursun, K. T., Baltaci, U., Moffat, A., 2017. Forest fires in Europe, Middle East and North Africa 2016. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. ISBN:978-92-79-71292-0, https://doi.org/10.2760/17690
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- Geographical Coverage
- Croatia, Greece, Greenland, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Syria, Tunisia, Isle of Man, United Kingdom, Georgia, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Estonia, Finland, Monaco, Moldova, Latvia, Faroes, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Libya, Liechtenstein, Jordan, Lebanon, Åland Islands, Kosovo, Andorra, Albania, Austria, Armenia, Belgium, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Western Sahara, Iraq, Jersey, Iran, Italy, Vatican City, Ukraine, Turkey, Denmark, Portugal, Switzerland, Belarus, Czechia, Cyprus, Palestine, France, Germany, Algeria, Spain, Mauritania, Hungary, Norway, Mali, Iceland, Montenegro, Malta, Ireland, Netherlands, Israel, Morocco, Egypt, Poland, North Macedonia
European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)