In this study we present the results of the coastal flood risk assessment for Europe until the end of the 21st century, by incorporating the impacts of global warming and the different socio-economic development scenarios. The effect of climate change at the extreme total sea level is the main trigger of the increasing coastal inundation and the related losses at the coastal zone. In the absence of further investments on coastal flood protection, the present Expected Annual Damage (EAD) is projected to increase by 2 to 3 orders of magnitude by the end of the century, while the current Expected Annual Number of People Exposed to coastal flooding (EAPE) is projected to reach up to 3.65 million people by that time.
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- Liechtenstein, Italy, Jersey, Monaco, Hungary, Isle of Man, Ireland, Iceland, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Slovakia, Slovenia, San Marino, Serbia, Russia, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Portugal, Romania, Norway, Poland, Åland Islands, Kosovo, Andorra, Albania, Belgium, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Switzerland, Belarus, Denmark, Germany, Spain, Czechia, Cyprus, Netherlands, Montenegro, Estonia, Greece, France, Finland, United Kingdom, Faroes, Lithuania, Croatia, Ukraine, North Macedonia, Moldova, Vatican City, Latvia, Malta, Luxembourg, Sweden
European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)