European Union Agency for Railways
ERA - Glossary of railway terminology
Glossary of railway terms that focuses primarily on safety and interoperability terminology, but also on other areas that ERA can use in its day-to-day activities as well as in its...
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ERADIS - Entity in Charge of Maintenance Certificates Database
An Entity in Charge of Maintenance (ECM) plays an important safety role in the European railway system by ensuring that the vehicles for which it is in charge are in a safe state of...
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ERA - Vehicle Keeper Marking Register (VKM)
A Vehicle Keeper Marking (VKM) is an alphanumeric code, consisting of 2 to 5 letters (1). A VKM is inscribed on each rail vehicle, near the vehicle number. The VKM denominates the Vehicle...
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ERADIS - CSM Assessment Body Database
The database fulfils on one side the requirements of the European Railway Agency defined in Article 13 of “Commission implementing Regulation (EU) No 402/2013 of 30 April 2013 on the...
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ERADIS - Certification bodies database
Database of certification bodies that are accredited, recognised or are the National Safety Authority according to Article 14(a) 4 of the Railway Safety Directive and according to OTIF...
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ERADIS - National Safety Authorities and National Investigation Bodies Annual Reports
According to Article 18 of the Railway Safety Directive (2004/49/EC) - each year the safety authority shall publish an annual report concerning its activities in the preceding year and...
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ERAIL - Railway safety indicators
The Safety Directive 2004/49/EC introduced common safety indicators (CSIs), which are to be collected by the national safety authorities and delivered to the European Railway Agency...
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ERADIS - Safety Certificates Database
As required by Directive 2004/49/EC, in order to be granted access to the railway infrastructure, a railway undertaking must hold a safety certificate. The award of a safety certificate,...
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ERAIL - Railway accident and incident investigations
The ERAIL database ((European Railway Accident Information Links) shall ensure that the information relevant to the safety of the railways in the Member States is accessible and...
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ERADIS - Licences Database
Licence for the performance of rail transport services within the Union and the European Economic Area according to Directive 2012/34/EU and the relevant national legislation. Additional...
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ERAIL - Railway accident and incident recommendations
The ERAIL database (European Railway Accident Information Links) shall ensure that the information relevant to the safety of the railways in the Member States is accessible and...
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ERADIS - European Railway Agency Database of Interoperability and Safety
The ERADIS database shall ensure that the information relevant to the safety and interoperability of the railways in the Member States is accessible and transparent to all interested...
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ERATV - European Register of Authorised Types of Vehicles
Types of railway vehicle authorised by ERA or the Member States.
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