Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers
Judicial systems in Member States – Specialised courts
In several Member States there are specialised courts, which deal with specific matters. Often such courts deal with disputes concerning administrative issues or in some cases with...
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Costs of legal proceedings at EU and Member States' level
Costs of proceedings: the European Union (EU) has granted a number of rights to its citizens such as the freedom of movement within its borders. These rights have changed the lives of...
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Statutory interests in the Member States
Calculation of statutory interest on judicial cooperation in civil and commercial matters can be relevant under several European Union law instruments. However, these instruments do not...
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Procedures for enforcing a judgment
When a Court is involved in solving a dispute, there are two steps that must be ensured at the end of the process. First, the Court must hand down a judgment and then the judgment needs...
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The order for payment procedures at EU and Member States' level
The European Payment Order is a simplified procedure for cross-border monetary claims which are uncontested by the defendant, based on standard forms. Standard forms have been drawn up...
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Information on the small claims procedure
The European Small Claims procedure is designed to simplify and speed up cross-border claims of up to €2000. The European Small Claims Procedure is available to litigants as an...
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Information on legal rules concerning parental responsibility
Divorce: When a married couple decide to separate permanently, one of the spouses, or both together, will generally institute divorce proceedings.
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Information on Member States' rules on law of evidence
Taking of evidence. If you initiate legal proceedings, it is usually crucial to present evidence to the court in order to prove your claim. Taking of evidence in civil proceedings is not...
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National rules on inheritance vary considerably between Member States (as to, for example, who inherits, what the portions and reserved shares are, how wide the testamentary freedom is,...
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Automatic processing – civil judical proceedings
Modern information technology has rapidly and substantially changed our everyday life. Civil judicial proceedings must react accordingly to face the challenges this brings to provide a...
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Information on rules applicable to the service of documents
If you become involved in legal proceedings, you will have to transmit various documents to the other party to the dispute and you will receive others in return. To do so, it may be...
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Information concerning jurisdiction issues in cross-border cases
It may happen that both parties to a dispute initiate court proceedings on the same matter in different Member States. European Union (EU) law determines which courts of which Member...
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Information on legal rules concerning cross-border family mediation
Mediation can be particularly helpful in cross-border family disputes and parental child abduction cases. The term ‘family matters’ covers a broad range of disputes, from purely private...
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Rights of victims of crime in criminal proceedings
If you have fallen victim to a crime, this can be a traumatic and confusing time, particularly if you are abroad. But as a victim you can benefit from a number of rights, and assistance...
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Interim and precautionary measures
It may be that you want measures to be taken quickly in a Member State other than where your main case is pending without waiting for a final judgment to be given. It could be that you...
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Information on the exchange of extracts from the criminal records between different Member States
Criminal records: in order to improve security of citizens within the European Area of Freedom, Security and Justice concrete steps enabling an efficient exchange of information on...
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Protection of fundamental rights at EU and Member States' level
In the European Union, the protection of fundamental rights is guaranteed both at national level by Member States' constitutional systems and at EU level by the Charter of Fundamental...
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Information on the European Payment Order procedure
“Order for payment” procedures. The European Payment Order is a simplified procedure for cross-border monetary claims which are uncontested by the defendant, based on standard forms....
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Access to justice in environmental matters
If you are the victim of an environmentally damaging activity or if you are just a vigilant citizen who wants to protect the environment, it is useful to know your rights in either...
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Children in criminal judicial proceedings - Netherlands
This dataset is on children (persons aged less than 18 years) in judicial proceedings in Netherlands. Judicial proceedings are those taking place in court as a part of the justice systems...
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