Direzione generale della Giustizia e dei consumatori
Information on Member States Law
Each Member State of the European Union (EU) has its own law and legal system. Member State (MS) law can comprise both law at the national level (or national law, which is valid anywhere...
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European Case Law Identifier (ECLI)
The European Case Law Identifier (ECLI) has been developed to facilitate the correct and unequivocal citation of judgments from European and national courts. A set of uniform metadata...
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Procedural time limits – general information
When you are involved in a civil dispute and think you may have to litigate, you must be aware that there is certain deadline for taking action. All modern legal systems including those...
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Judicial systems in Member States
The Member State judicial systems are very diverse, reflecting differences in national judicial traditions. Below you will find general information on judicial systems in Member States –...
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Information on judicial systems in Member States – ordinary courts
Ordinary courts are the core of the judicial systems in the Member States. They deal with a major part of judicial proceedings. Their scope of jurisdiction varies considerably. You can...
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Judicial systems in Member States – Specialised courts
In several Member States there are specialised courts, which deal with specific matters. Often such courts deal with disputes concerning administrative issues or in some cases with...
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Statutory interests in the Member States
Calculation of statutory interest on judicial cooperation in civil and commercial matters can be relevant under several European Union law instruments. However, these instruments do not...
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Information on Member States' rules on law of evidence
Taking of evidence. If you initiate legal proceedings, it is usually crucial to present evidence to the court in order to prove your claim. Taking of evidence in civil proceedings is not...
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National rules on inheritance vary considerably between Member States (as to, for example, who inherits, what the portions and reserved shares are, how wide the testamentary freedom is,...
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Information concerning jurisdiction issues in cross-border cases
It may happen that both parties to a dispute initiate court proceedings on the same matter in different Member States. European Union (EU) law determines which courts of which Member...
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Children in criminal judicial proceedings - Spain
This dataset is on children (persons aged less than 18 years) in judicial proceedings in Spain. Judicial proceedings are those taking place in court as a part of the justice systems in...
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Children in criminal judicial proceedings - comparative information on presumption of innocence
Here you can find comparative information on presumption of innocence for all the EU28 Member States on the basis of information collected from national and international databases. The...
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Children in criminal judicial proceedings - comparative information on general system indicators
Here you can find comparative information on general system indicatorsfor all the EU28 Member States on the basis of information collected from national and international databases. The...
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