The indicator results from the division of the gross domestic product (GDP) by the gross inland consumption of energy for a given calendar year. It measures the productivity of energy consumption and provides a picture of the degree of decoupling of energy use from growth in GDP. For the calculation of energy productivity Eurostat uses the GDP either in the unit of million euro in chain-linked volumes to the reference year 2010 (at 2010 exchange rates) or in the unit purchasing power standard (PPS). The unit euro in chain linked volumes allows observing the energy productivity trends over time in a single geographic area, whereas the unit PPS allows comparison between countries for the same year. The gross inland consumption of energy is calculated as the sum of the gross inland consumption of five energy types: coal, electricity, oil, natural gas and renewable energy sources. Since GDP is measured in million euro or million PPS and gross inland consumption in thousand tonnes of oil equivalent, energy productivity is available both in euro per kg of oil equivalent and PPS per kg of oil equivalent.
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Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union
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